Raspberry PI based FreeRadius Server with GUI

I run a small wireless network for a non-profit organization in my home town, it consists of a single high site with internet connectivity, with nine client sites connecting via wireless. The network is built with Ubiquiti hardware, with a Mikrotik 750 handling the routing. I also use this network for experimentation and learning. One of the things that I have been keen on doing is managing it as though it is a commercial network in terms of the network architecture. To this end I have decided to deploy a Raspberrry Pi based Radius server for PPPoE Authentication. The Mikrotik will serve as the PPPoE server, and the Raspberry Pi Radius server will be managed with DaloRADIUS. The instructions below should be easy to use on any Debian based distro.



This tutorial will not cover installation of Raspbian onto your Raspberry Pi.

What you will need: 

  • A Raspberry Pi Model B
  • A 4GB+ SD Card running Raspbian
  • SSH Access (or a terminal on the device)
  • PPPoE server (Mikrotik 750 in my case)
  • An internet connection
Raspberry Pi Model B



Log into the Raspberry Pi via SSH or a Terminal Window:
Configure the IP Address


Edit /etc/network/interfaces to reflect your network settings
vi /etc/network/interfaces

Change from: 

iface lo inet loopback
iface eth0 inet dhcp
allow-hotplug wlan0
allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet manual
wpa-roam /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
iface default inet dhcp

To:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 10.3.0.2
netmask 255.255.255.252
gateway 10.3.0.1
dns-nameservers 10.0.0.1
allow-hotplug wlan0
allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet manual
wpa-roam /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
iface default inet dhcp


Remember to adjust for your own network parameters 

Install FreeRADIUS and other prerequisites, remember to note the password for your mysql server:

$apt-get install freeradius freeradius-mysql apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server mysql-client php5-mysql php-pear php5-gd php-db

Download and extract the DaloRADIUS package to /var/www:

cd /usr/src
wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/daloradius/daloradius/daloradius0.9-9/daloradius-0.9-9.tar.gz
tar zxvf daloradius-0.9-9.tar.gz -C /var/www/
mv /var/www/daloradius-0.9-9/ /var/www/daloradius
cd /var/www/daloradius
Configure the DaloRadius/Freeradius database

mysql -uroot -p
mysql>create database radiusdb;
mysql>exit
mysql -u root -p radiusdb < /usr/src/daloradius/contrib/db/fr2-mysql-daloradius-and-freeradius.sql
mysql -u root -p
mysql>CREATE USER 'radiususer'@'localhost';
mysql>SET PASSWORD FOR 'radiususer'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('radiuspass');
mysql>GRANT ALL ON radiusdb.* to 'radiususer'@'localhost';
mysql>exit
You will aslo need to configure DaloRadius to connect to the database:
vi /var/www/daloradius/library/daloradius.conf.php
Input the following values 
$configValues['DALORADIUS_VERSION'] = '0.9-9';
$configValues['FREERADIUS_VERSION'] = '2';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_ENGINE'] = 'mysql';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_HOST'] = 'localhost';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_PORT'] = '3306';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_USER'] = 'radiusuder';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_PASS'] = 'radiuspass';
$configValues['CONFIG_DB_NAME'] = 'radiusdb';
The default configuration of FreeRADIUS loads user accounts from a file located at /etc/freeradius/users.
It makes sense to test the functioning of FreeRADIUS before trying to link it to a database. To activate the test user you have to edit /etc/freeradius/users: 
vi /etc/freeradius/users
Uncomment the following lines: 
#"John Doe" Cleartext-Password := "hello"
# Reply-Message = "Hello, %{User-Name}"
To look like this: 
"John Doe" Cleartext-Password := "hello"
Reply-Message = "Hello, %{User-Name}"
Restart the freeradius service and show the debug console to make sure all is well:
$/etc/init.d/freeradius stop
$freeradius -XXX
If all goes well you will be presented with the last line :
Info: Ready to process requests.

Press CTRL+C to disconnect.
Start the freeradius service again
$/etc/init.d/freeradius start
Use radtest to make sure that you can authenticate against the file: 

$radtest "John Doe" hello 127.0.0.1 0 testing123 
Sending Access-Request of id 180 to 127.0.0.1 port 1812
        User-Name = "John Doe"
        User-Password = "hello"
        NAS-IP-Address = 127.0.1.1
        NAS-Port = 0
        Message-Authenticator = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000
 
Now it is time to switch over to mysql authentication: 
$vi /etc/freeradius/radiusd.conf
Change the lines that read: 
# $INCLUDE sql.conf<
# $INCLUDE sql/mysql/counter.conf
To: 
$INCLUDE sql.conf
$INCLUDE sql/mysql/counter.conf
Update the configuration to reflect the database username and password as chosen earlier:
$vi /etc/freeradius/sql.conf

        server = "localhost"
        #port = 3306
        login = "radiususer"
        password = "radiuspass"

        # Database table configuration for everything except Oracle
        radius_db = "radiusdb"
 
Uncomment the lines that read "sql" in the session, accounting and authorize sections
 
$vi /etc/freeradius/sites-enabled/default 
Uncomment sql in authorize{}
# See “Authorization Queries” in sql.conf
sql
Uncomment sql in accounting{}
# See “Accounting queries” in sql.conf
sql
Uncomment sql in session{}
# See “Simultaneous Use Checking Queries” in sql.conf
sql
Uncomment sql in post-auth{}
# See “Authentication Logging Queries” in sql.conf
sql

To test the configuration, stop the freeradius service:
$service freeradius stop

Then run the freeradius debug console.
$freeradius -X

If it comes back without any errors you can continue.

To enable remote authentication from a Mikrotik device edit /etc/freeradius/clients.conf
Add the following to the end of the file, changing the IP/Class as appropriate.

$vi /etc/freeradius/clients.conf

client 10.0.0.0/24 {
        secret = mikrotest
        shortname = mikrotikpppoe
        nastype= mikrotik
}

Also edit /etc/freeradius/dictionary and add mikrotik:
$vi /etc/freeradius.dictionary

and add:

$INCLUDE  /usr/share/freeradius/dictionary.mikrotik
 
Restart FreeRadius
$service freeradius restart
 
You can now log in with a web browser on http://<raspberry-ip>/daloradius
username: administrator
password: radius
 
 
.